“One machine can do the work of fifty ordinary men. No machine can do the work of one extraordinary man” – Elbert Hubbard
The above quote may stand valid in the current scenario as robots are working in conjunction with humans for better coordination and improved efficiency, precision.
For example, the highly automated factory of Casio watches has human labor for manufacturing and assembly of the watch parts where robots cannot attain the skill-set of human in doing that particular job.
The capitalistic market is investing in the field of robotics to as they are less tolerant about the emotional approach of humans towards jobs. The Robots are increasingly getting smart due to advancement in the field of computing, Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence & Neural Networks which may replace many jobs in the future.
Let us have a look at how these 10 Jobs where robots are increasingly replacing humans.
The robot chefs are capable of cooking a dish entirely from start to finish by mimicking the skill and ability of a professional chef. The consumer can select the menu based on their need. The robot chef can identify the ingredients using computer vision and can wash, cut, and add them to the dish. The probability of robot replacing human on the commercial scale are showing an upward trend.
Highly developed computer vision and sensor components of robots pave the way to improvement in the field of logistics. Few robot manufacturers and food logistics company have collaborated to make food delivery quicker and hassle-free. Amazon is also checking out its feasibility on using delivery drones to deliver their products. Even though the trials look promising, the limitations of such robots are evident too.
Recently, dominos tried out their pizza delivery using self-driving cars. Increasing use of GPS and smarter sensor systems of automobiles can function on its own to pick up a commute from one place to another. Tesla cars are smart enough to change lanes in auto-pilot mode and can apply brakes when they face any obstruction. Trucks are known for their long travel, and such self-driving functions will increase the safety of the driver and its goods.
Cloth manufacturing is a complex and tedious process. It involves human labor with a varied skill set along with machinery of different functions. A large amount of semi-skilled and skilled human workers are dependent on these jobs providing direct or indirect employment to a large community of people. With the arrival of latest cloth manufacturing robot, the jobs are said to be under threat. The improved computer vision enables the robot to cut and sew the cloth pieces together with accurate precision.
News reading demands voice dynamics and the ability to deliver the news with less context. A Chinese news agency used the AI-powered news reader to its news delivery platform. It was trained to read the news from a teleprompter through machine learning algorithm. It is also known to simulate the gestures, voice and facial movements similar to the human news reader. The AI news reader is criticized for not having the human touch and makes us realize that technology has a long way to go.
The ability of robots to diagnose a patient based on the disease symptoms and medical reports can reduce the chances of misdiagnosis. A recent study says that 1 in 20 patients are affected due to misdiagnosis. A robot monitors a patient with sensors for an extended period, and the medical data is continuously stored in the database. The robots conduct a periodic survey with the patients to find out the exact match of disease and compare the data with existing medical case studies. IBM’s Watson, unveiled in 2014, is a classic example of a medical robot known to have analyzed 25000 training cases, 605000 pieces of medical evidence, 2 million pages of text which surpasses the human ability to conduct research and diagnosis.
Medical surgeons are one of the highest paid jobs in the world. But, it is a known fact that human surgeons are prone to make minor errors in surgery due to stress and long working hours. Such errors can be avoided while depending on robotic surgeons. The robots can carry out any complex operations with speed and precision.
Carrying heavy loads of products can be tiresome for warehouse helpers. Robots can carry out these tedious jobs in a shorter time and higher capacity. Alibaba’s warehouse is equipped with robots capable of doing 70% of the work. They are known to carry loads up to 500 kgs without colliding with each other. These robots work for a period of 4 to 5 hours with a 5 minutes charge and are capable of self-driving to charge station when they run out of charge.
Nowadays, we can witness that sales and supports calls are frequently handled by voice bots and chatbots. Many companies are building voice bots, chatbots with better intelligence and employ them to cut down cost on the human workforce.
Driven by ideas from science-fiction movies like Terminator, i-robot the role of robots have started dominating the field of military and defence. Robots can perform various operation right from carrying out combat operation to rescue mission, and government agencies are trying to take advantage of robotic advancements. Boston dynamics have developed many versions of robots that can perform trekking loaded with combat equipment. Fedor is a Russian robot which can shoot guns and drive military vehicles. It is also capable of mirroring human operators movements.